2021 responses from the Liberal Party

1) How should Canada support United Nations peacekeeping?

For decades, peacekeeping has helped prevent violence, preserve peace, and provide protection to
millions of vulnerable people affected by conflict. In the last 30 years, peacekeeping mandates have
become more complex and demanding, and the peacekeeping community has been adapting and
incorporating lessons-learned to ensure missions are fit for purpose. It is imperative that we continue to
adapt and innovate in order to respond to new challenges that arise. This includes identifying root causes
of conflict and the grievances that fuel them.

The Liberal government promised Canadians that we would return to our tradition of peacekeeping, and
this is what we have done. In July 2018, Canada joined 56 other UN Member States as a contributor to the
UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) to provide medical evacuation
by air of injured personnel, supply transport and logistics support, for a one year period. Following this
successful deployment, Canada committed a C-130 Hercules aircraft to provide tactical airlift support for
the UN’s Regional Support Centre in Entebbe, providing vital airlift support to multiple UN missions.

The participation of women in all aspects of peacekeeping is essential to mission success. That is why the
Liberal government launched the Elsie Initiative for Women in Peace Operations, to increase the
meaningful participation of women in UN peace operations. This is an innovative and multilateral pilot
initiative to design, implement and evaluate a combination of measures to overcome barriers to women’s
deployment to UN peace operations, and to support their effectiveness once on missions. Further,
through the Vancouver Principles, Canada and more than a hundred other UN Member States are
working to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers.

Further, the Liberal government delivered on its commitment to peacekeeping through the deployment of
Canadian police officers to UN peace operations and stabilization efforts around the world. Canadian
officers help strengthen policing institutions, rule of law, and consolidate peace, to create a safer
environment and help pave the way for longer-term development.

Now, more than ever, Canadians understand that building a safer and more stable world requires
investments in our strength at home and active engagement with our partners abroad. A re-elected
Liberal government will continue to support international efforts to build a safer, more inclusive, and
prosperous world. We will expand Canada’s long and short-range strategic airlift capability in order to
increase Canada’s contributions to UN, NATO, coalition and allied military operations abroad and improve
support for international peacekeeping, emergency response, humanitarian assistance and disaster
recovery, including with respect to health and climate emergencies.


2) Global Climate Change: What should be Canada’s International Commitments?

Climate change is real and Canadians want real action to fight it.

Under the previous Conservative government, Canada’s emissions were on a path to be 12% higher in
2030 than they were in 2005, despite Stephen Harper’s promise to lower emissions by 30% by 2030. We
knew this wasn’t acceptable and in response developed a new comprehensive plan. Today, Canada’s
emissions are projected to be 36% lower in 2030 compared to 2005 levels. But we know there is more to
do.

The Liberal Party of Canada is committed to achieving Canada’s new climate targets. That includes a
40-45% reduction in emissions by 2030, compared to 2005 levels, and the additional actions in our
platform will help get us there. Our longer-term target is achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. Other
parties promising higher emissions targets have not, based on independent analysis, put forward credible
plans to achieve those targets. The Conservatives would weaken Canada’s existing climate target, and
rollback climate action advanced by the Liberals.

The Liberal government has:
● A real plan to fight climate change that, for the first time in Canada’s history, meant a
government was on track to exceed a climate target;
● Put a globally-ambitious price on pollution, that rises to $170 per tonne by 2030, while
putting more money in the pockets of Canadians; and
● Enshrined Canada’s net-zero goal into law, including through setting five-year emissions
reduction targets to hold the government accountable and regular public progress reports
beginning in 2023.

A re-elected Liberal government will:
● Continue to deliver all elements of Canada’s climate plan; and
● Work with all Canadians and the Net Zero Advisory Body to identify ways to further
accelerate climate action that will put us on trajectory to achieve net-zero emissions as
soon as possible and no later than 2050.


3) Nuclear disarmament: Which measures intended to promote the realization of a world
without nuclear weapons should Canada support?

A re-elected Liberal government will remain committed to achieving a world free of nuclear weapons,
pursuing a pragmatic approach that takes into account the security considerations of all states.

When it comes to nuclear disarmament, the Liberal government has worked as a bridge-builder among
states to reinforce the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the cornerstone of global

nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. This approach has sought to halt the spread of nuclear
weapons, reduce existing stockpiles, and, ultimately, eliminate these weapons in a manner that is
verifiable and irreversible. While this approach will take time, it is better able to build the trust and
confidence required to make concrete progress toward a world free of nuclear weapons.

Through this approach, Canada has been a leader in contributing to the development of the global
architecture for non-proliferation and disarmament, focusing efforts on initiatives that unite nuclear and
non-nuclear armed states such as commencing negotiations on a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty, pushing
for the entry-into-force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, supporting initiatives to build
global capacity for nuclear disarmament verification, and advancing a more inclusive approach to
disarmament and non-proliferation, including the full and equal participation of women and engagement
of youth.

In addition, Canada welcomed the recent extension of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New
START) between the United States and Russia and continues to advocate strongly for the expansion of
arms control. Canada is also an active member of coalitions of non-nuclear weapon states, like the
Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative and the Stockholm Initiative for Nuclear Disarmament.
Canada has long been, and remains, an important player in global nuclear disarmament and remains
deeply committed to achieving the ultimate goal of a world free of nuclear weapons. A re-elected Liberal
government will continue to make concrete efforts toward nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.


4) What can Canada do to strengthen the United Nations?

Multilateralism is a cornerstone to Canada’s foreign policy, and building a more just, inclusive, sustainable
and peaceful world can only be achieved by working together in partnership with other nations. With this
in mind, we are proud of Canada’s contributions to the foundation of the United Nations and its many
achievements.

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to champion Canadian priorities and principles at the
United Nations; promoting human rights, peace and security, upholding rule of law, addressing climate
change, equality and inclusion, and advancing sustainable development.

Under the Liberal government, Canada focused its efforts on bringing innovative approaches to UN
peacebuilding, creating the Vancouver Principles and launching the Elsie Initiative for women in peace
operations, the Vancouver Principles to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers, and through
Canada’s Chairing of the UN Peacebuilding Commission in 2020. Canada has also engaged on R2P, as
national coordinator for the Global Network of R2P focal points.

Now, more than ever, Canadians understand that building a safer and more stable world requires
investments in our strength at home and active engagement with our partners abroad. A re-elected
Liberal government will continue to work with UN partners to build a more peaceful and inclusive world.

Follow us on Facebook

Follow us on Instagram